Various treatments that can be applied during production or as a post-production process, in order to eliminate plant and animal pests or disease-causing organisms in the final product:
a. Cold or Heat Treatment
Requirement of cooling/heating of products below/above certain temperature for a certain period of time to kill targeted pests, either prior to, or upon arrival to the destination country: Specific facilities in land or ships are requested. Containers should be equipped properly to conduct cold/heat treatment and should be equipped with temperature sensors.
Requirement to kill or devitalize microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, or insects that might be present in food and feed products by using irradiated energy (ionizing radiation).
A process of exposing insects, fungal spores or other organisms to the fumes of a chemical at a lethal strength in an enclosed space for a given period of time: Fumigant is a chemical, which at a required temperature and pressure can exist in the gaseous state in sufficient concentration to be lethal to a given pest organism.
d. Treatment for Elimination of Plant And Animal Pests and Disease-Causing Organisms in the Final Product, Not Elsewhere Specified.